TABLE 4

Subclass-specific relations of subclass intake with subclass microbiome profile scores, after adjustment for multiple confounders and correlation of independent and dependent variable matricesa

Correlation matrix of flavonoid subclass intakebSubclassEstimate
± SEM
T valueP valueCorrelation matrix of subclass-specific microbiome profile scoresb
SubclassFlavonolFlavanol
monomer
Flavanol
polymer
FlavanoneFlavoneAnthocyanidinSubclassFlavonolFlavanol
monomer
Flavanol
polymer
FlavanoneFlavoneAnthocyanin
Flavonol1.00Flavonol0.988 ± 0.4951.9950.046Flavonol1.00
Flavanol
monomer
0.69*1.00Flavanol
monomerc
0.352 ± 0.1402.5120.012Flavanol
monomer
0.121.00
Flavanol
polymer
0.76*0.94*1.00Flavanol
polymerc
0.295 ± 0.1392.1280.033Flavanol
polymer
0.030.36*1.00
Flavanone0.17*0.15*0.21*1.00Flavanone0.581 ± 0.1045.611<0.0001Flavanone0.030.22*0.051.00
Flavone0.45*0.28*0.34*0.52*1.00Flavone0.918 ± 0.3852.3840.017Flavone0.13*0.13*0.080.34*1.00
Anthocyanidin0.39*0.38*0.47*0.15*0.28*1.00Anthocyanidin0.455 ± 0.1662.7380.006Anthocyanidin0.13*0.17*0.30*0.23*0.44*1.00
  • a Results are multivariate adjusted for the following variables: age at time of fecal collection; energy expended in physical activity; body mass index; and intakes of yogurt, calories, protein, saturated fat, trans fat, carbohydrate, and fiber. Root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) estimate, <0.0001; Bentler comparative fit index, 1.000; Bentler-Bonett normed fit index (NFI), 0.971. A total of 247 participants were examined in this study.

  • b Pearson correlation coefficient. *, P < 0.05.

  • c Represents a single latent construct in the regression analysis.