TABLE 1

Characteristics of blacklists and whitelists included in the study

ListMaintenanceAccessType(s) of
journals and
publishers
No. of
journals
No. of
publishers
Inclusion criteria used
in analysis
Blacklists
    Beall’s listaFormerly performed
by an individual
scholarly librarian;
now performed by an
academic wishing to
remain anonymous
FreeStandalone OA
journals and OA
publishers
1,4041,20554 criteria developed by
Jeffrey Beall, based on
statements from the
COPE and WAME
(http://www.wame.org/)
    Cabell’s blacklistEmployees of a for-
profit company
SubscriptionOA and
subscription-
based journals
and publishers
(ratio, 3:1)
10,67147363 criteria
Whitelists
    Cabell’s whitelistEmployees of a for-
profit company
SubscriptionOA and hybrid
or subscription-
based journals
and publishers
(ratio, 1:4)
11,0572,44638 criteria, not including
criteria defining which
disciplines are allowed
in the list
    DOAJCommunity of OA
publishers with >100
volunteers and a core
team of 15 people,
employed by DOAJ's
holding company, IS4OA
FreeOA journals and
publishers
12,3575,63810 basic inclusion criteria,
14 principles of transparency,
15 additional recommendations,
not including OA-specific criteria
  • a Unlike the other lists, journals and publishers included in the two Beall’s lists are independent of each other. All lists were accessed on 13 December 2018.