TABLE 1

Clinical data by dementia type

Patient characteristicaData by dementia typeP value
No dementiaAlzheimer’s diseaseOther dementia
Age (mean [SD]) (yr)83.0 (10.2)84.7 (8.1)87.9 (7.9)0.06
Age category (mean [SD])b2.3 (1.0)2.5 (0.8)2.8 (0.8)0.41
Male8 (15.7)4 (16.7)6 (18.2)0.96
Diabetic11 (21.6)5 (20.8)9 (27.3)0.80
Immunosuppressed3 (5.9)1 (4.2)0 (0.0)0.38
Malignancy6 (11.8)2 (8.3)3 (9.1)0.87
CKD15 (29.4)9 (49.5)10 (30.3)0.77
CCI score (mean [SD])1.65 (1.7)1.38 (1.2)1.58 (1.6)0.79
Medications
    PPI16 (31.4)1 (4.2)6 (18.2)0.024
    Statin11 (21.6)4 (16.7)8 (24.2)0.79
    Antipsychotic0 (0.0)4 (16.7)2 (6.1)0.013
    Polypharmacy34 (66.7)14 (58.3)22 (66.7)0.75
Clinical scores
    Malnutrition (mean [SD])1.7 (0.7)2.3 (0.6)2.3 (0.6)<0.0001
    Frailty (mean [SD])2.9 (1.0)3.4 (0.7)3.7 (0.6)0.003
  • a Data are presented as the number (%), unless otherwise specified. CKD, chronic kidney disease; CCI, Charlson comorbidity index.

  • b The age categories are as follows: category 1, 65 to 74 years; category 2, 75 to 84 years; category 3, 85 to 94 years; and category 4, ≥95 years.