TABLE 1

Fecal SCFA concentrations before and during dietary supplementationa

GroupbButyrateAcetatePropionate
BeforeDuringChange
(%)
P
value
BeforeDuringChange
(%)
P
value
BeforeDuringChange
(%)
P
value
Accessible
starch
(n = 39)
13 ± 6.115 ± 8.3+130.1841 ± 1741 ± 1600.899.9 ± 6.09.3 ± 6.5−60.47
Hi-Maize
(n = 43)
9.3 ± 4.19.7 ± 5.6+50.8137 ± 1733 ± 15−100.2012 ± 1512 ± 13+0.30.81
Potato
(n = 43)
13 ± 6.016 ± 7.5+29<0.00148 ± 2258 ± 26+210.001210 ± 7.78.6 ± 5.3−160.39
Inulin
(n = 49)
11 ± 6.013 ± 7.0+170.1438 ± 1841 ± 20+80.07711 ± 1013 ± 15+270.31
  • a The concentrations of fecal SCFAs (in millimoles per kilogram) (mean ± standard deviation) before and during dietary supplementation. All P values are based on repeated measures ANOVA.

  • b The groups were given different dietary supplements. Accessible corn starch was given as a control. The number of individuals in each group is given in the parentheses.