TABLE 1 

Subinhibitory ciprofloxacin induces urothelium adhesin gene expressiona

GeneFold change (log2)Median effect sizeFunctional annotation
fmlD2.2751.891Fimbrial, FimH-like protein, mannose binding
Hek1.3043.475Hek adhesin/virulence factor
lexA2.035.635Repressor of LexA
recA1.7513.75DNA repair, SOS induction
  • a Significant changes in differentially expressed transcripts of interest in E. coli UTI89 after 4-h exposure to 1/4 MIC ciprofloxacin.