TABLE 2

Associations between E. faecium isolates from hospitalized patients and farm animals with BAPS groups and lineages

SourceBAPS groupLineageNo. of isolates from sourceTotal no. of isolatesaORsc95% CI
Hospitalized patients136690.410.254–0.669
2-1allSTs4036430.490.391–0.605
2-1783644531.891.45–2.449
2-211ND
2-3741230.570.389–0.829
2-415250.590.261–1.314
3-153830.680.43–1.082
3-213420.170.086– 0.325
3-3allSTs5475947.695.567–10.61
3-31732934213.447.633–23.67
3-31819019614.696.465–33.341
3-4270.160.03–0.808
3-521370.510.263–0.983
4681.180.238–5.883
5590.490.131–1.834
644ND
Farm animalsb114691.540.743–2.477
2-1allSTs1446432.141.64–2.795
2-17844530.030.012–0.087
2-201ND
2-3301231.791.156–2.756
2-49253.031.322–6.921
3-113830.980.531–1.789
3-216423.381.786–6.39
3-3allSTs265940.160.103–0.239
3-31723420.020.006– 0.095
3-31821960.050.012–0.19
3-4170.880.105–7.301
3-56371.020.42–2.463
408ND
5494.251.135–15.945
604ND
  • a E. faecium isolates in the source categories of hospitalized patients, farm animals, and other sources. Isolates from unknown sources were not included. In total, 1,645 isolates were included in the analysis.

  • b Pigs, poultry, veal calves, meat, and milk products.

  • c ORs indicate significance of association between E. faecium source categories and BAPS (sub)group and lineage. ND, not done.